The J Andres Government has primarily been run by the Commune since the establishment of Government in 1982. The Commune is the sole governing body in the nation, although the President has the executive roles of carrying out the decisions made by the Commune.
The Commune is the sole governing body in J Andres. It was first established in 1982 and its functions were changed numerous times in the many years that followed. The Commune is the legislative body of J Andres. It is composed of Senators elected to four year terms. The Commune is charged with the auhtority of passing legislation, budgets, and declaring wars. The Commune may remove any elected or appointed official from office, with the exception of the Monarch, with a two-thirds vote. The Commune shall elect a "Premier" to serve as it's leader. The Premier of the Commune is charged with leading the Commune proceedings and carries the responsibilities equal to that of "Speaker of the House" in other governments. The Commune may grant it's powers on an emergency basis to the President by a two-thirds vote by granting the President of the title of "President General." Once the President General has been granted the powers, in order to terminate them, the Commune must vote with a 75% majority to remove them, or the President General must surrender them. In the event of the death of the President while in office, the Commune shall elect a President to serve for the remainder of the term.
In the past the Commune also contained a Constituent Panel. Any J Andres citizen could walk into the Historic Commune Building and sit through proceedings, they were also permitted to cast votes. The Constituent Panel as a whole received a number of votes equal to 1/20 the number of senators, and these votes were apportioned to whatever a majority of the constituent panel voted for. Also, prior to 2053, the President and Monarch were also afforded votes in the Commune. These were removed by the Separation of Powers Act
- See also: List of Presidents of J Andres
The President of J Andres is the chief executive of the government. The President will be elected every four years with no maximum term limits. The President shall be charged with the execution of the legislation passed by the Commune. The President shall not vote in the Commune, but is granted the right to propose legislation for the Commune to discuss and vote upon. The President has the power to create governmental departments to assist in the execution of his duties, and serves as the Commander-in-chief of the J Andres Military. The Commune may grant emergency powers to the President by a two-thirds vote. If the President is granted Emergency Powers they will have the title "President General" and will hold such powers until the President General returns power to the Commune, or the Commune votes with a 75% majority to retake the powers.
President Josef Mercton created the Governmental departments of Foreign Affairs and War & Defense. President Ben Richards created the Department of Domestic Affairs and the Department of Energy, although these Departments were subsequently abolished in 2053. The Department of Domestic Affairs was recreated in 2057.
- See also: List of Monarchs of J Andres
The position of Monarch was originally created before the Communist Revolt in 1986. It was originally devised as a way to hold on to power during the revolt. The first Monarch of J Andres was Josef I.
The Monarch of J Andres shall carry the title of King, or Queen depending on their gender. The Monarch shall serve for life or until they abdicate the throne. Descendants of King Josef I are eligible for succession to the throne, although holders of the bestowed hereditary peerages shall also be eligible for succession in the event of the extinction of the House of Mercton. The right to the crown shall fall to the oldest child of the reigning monarch, with no preference to gender. The Monarch has the right to bestow peerage upon commoners in either a hereditary or non-hereditary fashion.
The Monarch shall receive no votes in the Commune, but may introduce legislation for Commune discussion and voting. In the event of a voting tie in the Commune, the Monarch shall deliver the deciding vote.
The President has the power to create various departments to assist in the administration and execution of his duties.
Department of Foreign AffairsEdit
- See also: List of Foreign Affairs Ministers
The Department of Foreign Affairs, created by President General Josef Mercton in 1982, has always been crucial in making J Andres a global force. Minister Mickey Bethesda and Minister Adrik Annan have revolutionized the department and brought J Andres onto the world stage through their developments. Minister Bethesda is largely responsible for bringing J Andres to the North Atlantic Defense Coalition, which resulted in J Andres recieving large amounts of foreign aid and increasing national exposure. Adrik Annan is responsible for SPEED, the Standard Protocols for Embassy Establishment Declaration which made it possible for the construction of Embassy Circle and Bethesda Way.
Department of War and DefenseEdit
- See also: List of War and Defense Ministers
The Department of War and Defense, created by President General Josef Mercton in 1982 is the oldest department in existence. It directly oversees the J Andres Military and all of its operations. It also is the most dynamic department in the sense that every President has chosen a new minister at some point during their Presidency, where many of the other departments tend to keep their department heads for more prolonged periods of time.
Department of Domestic AffairsEdit
See also: List of Domestic Affairs Ministers
The Department of Domestic Affairs was created by President Ben Richards in 1989. With the purpose of providing "intelligent direction in the affairs of growing the nation's infrastructure and urban development." It was abolished in 2052, and subsequently recreated in 2057.
Department of EnergyEdit
- See also: List of Energy Ministers
The Department of Energy was created by President Ben Richard in 1993 with the purpose of "transitioning J Andres into a nuclear age of power and weaponry." Minister Nobaru Yoshiro successfully put into action a plan that eliminated J Andres dependence on fossil fuels for power, utilizing a system of Nuclear Power plants for all electricity and requiring all civilian vehicles to be electric. Minister Yoshiro also saw through the development of the J Andres Nuclear Arms Program where J Andres grew its number of nuclear warheads. This department was abolished in 2052.
- ↑ Separation of Powers Act. (2053, January 24) Legislation of the J Andres Commune
- ↑ Nuclear Facilities Aglow for New Years Eve. (2005, November 25) The Anchor Times