Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. An inflectional and synthetic language, Latin relies little on word order, conveying meaning through a system of affixes attached to word stems. The Latin alphabet, derived from the Greek, remains the most widely used alphabet in the world.
Although now widely considered an extinct language, there are some nations around the globe that still use it as a national language including the Republic of Zunea and the Commonwealth of Tinderland. It is used in formal occasions in Harrissy, but may soon be replaced by newer languages. Latin has had a major influence on many languages that are still thriving, and continues to see wide use in areas such as academia. All Romance languages are descended from Vulgar Latin, and many words adapted from Latin are found in other modern languages, including English and Kantonian.
Moreover, in the Western world, Latin was the lingua franca, the learned language for scientific and political affairs, for more than a thousand years, eventually being replaced by French in the 18th century. Ecclesiastical Latin remains the formal language of the Cyber Nations Catholic Church and the Rosian Catholic Church to this day, and thus the official language of the Vatican, The Papal States and of the Holy Roman Empire. Latin is also still used—drawing heavily on Greek roots—to furnish the names used in the scientific classification of living things.