A group of pagan tribes, the Old Prussians, inhabited the area now known as Prussia for centuries. Repressing several attempts by Poland to colonize the area, the tribes eventually were Christianized in 1224 during the Northern Crusades. The Teutonic Knights established a crusader state in the region, the Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights. In 1454, the eastern portion of the Teutonic Dominions joined the Kingdom of Poland of the Jagiełłons, while the western portion remained in-tact until the Protestant Reformation, when popular uprisings resulted in the overthrow of Teutonic power and the establishment of the Duchy of Prussia in 1525.
The Duchy of Prussia lasted until 1618 when it merged with the Margraviate of Brandenburg to form Brandenburg-Prussia. Prussia was established as a Kingdam under the House of Hohenstaufen in 1701. Becoming a leading state in the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. Subsequently becoming a founding member of the German Confederation and the German Empire, Prussia continued to dominate Central European politics until the end of the First World War. Following the creation of the Weimar Republic, Prussia was reorganized as a federal subject thereof. When the Nazi Party gained power in 1933, Prussia was effectively abolished with the creation of Gaue throughout the Großdeutsches Reich.
With the creation of Großgermania in December 2008, the territory was reorganized into bezirke, or provinces. Prussia was recreated as a political entity, with borders similar to the region of Prussia rather than the dramatically larger borders of the former political entities known as Prussia. Klaus Bülow was named Chancellor, but was impeached by the Provincial Assembly during Alexandra von Nassau's coup d'état after he declared support for her rule. Following Michael von Preußen's return to power, Elizabeth von Mecklenburg was named his replacement.
In December 2009, the Prussian Assembly approved a law decreeing the Prussian language to be an official language in the province, alongside German, Polish, and Russian. The language, which is nearly extinct, will now be taught in schools in the province in an attempt to promote its revival. The German Government subsequently approved the language as a regionally-recognized language of the Kingdom of Germany. A proposal by Emperor Michael von Preußen to do so at the Imperial level, equating the language with the official status of ten other languages, initially failed to gain Reichstag approval. Following negotiations with that body midway through the month, the Emperor persuaded the National Unionist Party to support the measure, promising a limited budget in its implementation.